1 John 4:13-5:5 International Bible Lessons Commentary and Lesson

The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, April 19, 2015, is from 1 John 4:13-5:5. This posting and podcast includes both the International Bible Lesson Commentary and the International Bible Lesson. The International Bible Lesson Commentary is now available in five different Bible translations on the International Bible Lessons Commentary website: these versions are the English Standard Version (ESV), King James Version (KJV), New American Standard Bible (NASB), New International Version (NIV), and the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. The Study Hints for Discussion and Thinking Further discusses each of the Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further to help with class preparation and in conducting class discussion: these hints are available on the  International Bible Lessons Commentary website along with the International Bible Lesson that you may want to read to your class as part of your Bible study using the easy printable lesson. To help your class review the lesson, links to an easy printable Word Search Puzzle, a Crossword Puzzle, and a True and False Test are also available below. To listen to this commentary a podcast is available by subscribing and by clicking on the audio links here on the International Bible Lesson Forum.

International Bible Lesson Commentary

1 John 4:13-5:5

(1 John 4:13) By this we know that we abide in him and he in us, because he has given us of his Spirit.

If someone wanted to know whether they were Christians or not, John’s answer in this verse could help them. First, Christians abide in or remain in Christ and Christ abides in or remains in them. Second, the Holy Spirit within them can give them the assurance that Christ abides in them and they are abiding in Christ. Third, the Holy Spirit will give that assurance through the Holy Scriptures (see the verses below and 1 John 3:24; 2 John 1:9 and John 15:5-10).

(1 John 4:14) And we have seen and do testify that the Father has sent his Son as the Savior of the world.

John and the other apostles saw and touched Jesus. They heard what He taught and saw what He did. They saw Him after He rose from the dead; they received the Holy Spirit; and they accepted His Great Commission (1 John 1:1-4; Matthew 28:18-20). They testified with evidence acceptable in a court of law that God the Father truly exists: the Father sent His Son into the world; His Son came as the Savior of the world (John 3:16).

(1 John 4:15) God abides in those who confess that Jesus is the Son of God, and they abide in God.

John gave additional evidence that someone can use to know if they are Christian: do they confess that “Jesus is the Son of God.” John gave the reason God abides in someone. God abides in those who confess that Jesus is the Son of God – not “a” son of God or one of many important people, but Jesus is “THE” Son of God (see John 3:16). God abides in those who confess Jesus is the Christ, and when they also abide in God, they “bear much fruit” (John 15:5). Bearing much good fruit flows from a right relationship between God and the believer: another evidence for assurance that a person is a Christian.

(1 John 4:16) So we have known and believe the love that God has for us. God is love, and those who abide in love abide in God, and God abides in them.

Christians believe Jesus is the Son of God, and they know and believe that God loves them. John restated such truths as we find in John 3:16 – because God loved the world so much, “God gave” His only Son. The Father did not simply “send” Jesus into the world to teach us truths about how to live for God and serve others. Jesus did that, but we know and believe that God loves us because God “gave” His only Son to die as the “atoning sacrifice for our sins” (see 1 John 2:2; 1 John 4:10). God’s nature is love. God’s character and choice is love and to love. Love motivates God to do all God wisely can to promote the happiness and well-being of every creature. Those who abide in love abide in the circle of love that God has created with His commandments through the Scriptures and the perfect example of His Son, Jesus Christ. God empowers and enables true believers in Jesus Christ to live within His circle of love as God lives within them and through them. Christians remain (abide) in love in all they do. Love motivates them and they remain (abide) in God: they express their love by obeying His commandments.

(1 John 4:17) Love has been perfected among us in this: that we may have boldness on the day of judgment, because as he is, so are we in this world.

God perfects His love within and among the true followers of Jesus; through those who truly believe Jesus is the Son of God and who relate to Jesus as the Scriptures have revealed Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord. A Day of Judgment is coming, and those who are born-again are transformed by the presence and love of God in Christ within them; so they can be bold and unafraid of punishment on that day.

(1 John 4:18) There is no fear in love, but perfect love casts out fear; for fear has to do with punishment, and whoever fears has not reached perfection in love.

When God in Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit come to live within us, they fill our hearts with their love, and we love others and bear much fruit as their love overflows out of our hearts. Their love in us and our loving response to their love as described in the Bible casts out all fear of punishment from God on the Day of Judgment. If we fear punishment from God we need to move closer to God in Christ and pray for the Holy Spirit to help us love God and others according to biblical teachings. We need to remind ourselves of all God the Father, Jesus Christ (the Son of God and Savior), and the Holy Spirit have done for us and will do for us according to the Scriptures.

(1 John 4:19) We love because he first loved us.

We love and love God and others according to the commands, example, and teachings of Jesus only because God first loved us, sent His Son to die for us, and then sent His Spirit, the Spirit of Truth, to live in us, guide us, empower us, and help us understand and wisely apply the Bible’s teachings.

(1 John 4:20) Those who say, “I love God,” and hate their brothers or sisters, are liars; for those who do not love a brother or sister whom they have seen, cannot love God whom they have not seen.

John had written, “No one has ever seen God; if we love one another, God lives in us, and his love is perfected in us” (1 John 4:12). Now, John writes and basically asks, “How can you love God whom you have not seen and not love a brother or sister in Christ that you have seen?” If you hate others, you cannot love God. Those who hate do not know the true God.

(1 John 4:21) The commandment we have from him is this: those who love God must love their brothers and sisters also.

The Bible, Jesus, and the Apostles have given us commands in the New Testament that God expects us to obey in daily life. We must love God, we must love our brothers and sisters in Christ, we must love our enemies (Matthew 5:44) and our neighbors (Matthew 22:37-40). The indwelling Holy Spirit can help true Christians love God and others and obey God in every situation they face every day. The Holy Spirit can help the true Christian love wisely so others are benefitted as well as themselves. The Holy Spirit can help believers lead others to repent of their sins and trust in Jesus Christ through the love they have for them.

(1 John 5:1) Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ has been born of God, and everyone who loves the parent loves the child.

John gives believers another test by which they can know if they are true Christians: “do we believe that Jesus is the Christ” – the Messiah that God promised to send, and do we believe Jesus is the Christ, the Messiah, as the Bible represents Him? If we repent of our sins and trust in Jesus Christ as the Holy Scriptures teach, then we are born-again. Those who are born-again believe in Jesus Christ according to the Scriptures; their new birth leads them to love and obey Jesus Christ according to the Scriptures. If someone is truly born-again, they will truly love God, they will love His Son, Jesus Christ, and they will love other children of God as their brothers and sisters in Christ.

(1 John 5:2) By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and obey his commandments.

If we love God the Father and God the Son, we will love the children of God – those who are born-again into the family of God by grace through repentance for sin and faith in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. The Bible commands and requires the true children of God to love God and obey God’s commandments. If we love God and obey God’s commandments, we will also love God’s children. John says we can know whether or not we are loving God and God’s children as born-again believers.

(1 John 5:3) For the love of God is this, that we obey his commandments. And his commandments are not burdensome,

Love for God and obedience to God go together. If we are obeying God because we love God then we have no fear of punishment by God – this is gospel living – this is good news. If we are trying to obey God because we are afraid of punishment by God – this is living under the law of God and not the love of God. It is not burdensome to obey God when we love God and love to obey God because we truly love God and want to bring God joy and glory.

(1 John 5:4) for whatever is born of God conquers the world. And this is the victory that conquers the world, our faith.

When we are born of God, God the Father, Son, and Spirit live and love within us; therefore, we can keep on loving and obeying God when the world tempts us or persecutes us. Through the abiding and indwelling Spirit of Truth we can have a strong faith in God and do the most loving and wisest things according to the Truth of God, which conquers the world.

(1 John 5:5) Who is it that conquers the world but the one who believes that Jesus is the Son of God?

The entire focus of the Bible is Jesus Christ, the Son of God. God the Father commands everyone to believe that Jesus is the Son of God. Believing in Jesus as the Son of God enables us to love God and others as the Bible reveals, and by doing so we conquer the world. If we find ourselves being defeated by the world or living a defeated life before the world because of the world and the world’s temptations to disobey God and Jesus, then we need to examine our beliefs and see if we truly love Jesus and believe in Jesus as revealed in the Bible.

Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further

1. Give one way that we can know we abide in Christ from 1 John 4:13.
2. Describe who Jesus is from your reading of 1 John 4:13-5:5.
3. Who does John say God abides in?
4. What commandment did John emphasize in 1 John 4:13-5:5?
5. What is one of the things we can do to demonstrate our love for God?

Study Hints for Discussion and Thinking Further, a study guide for teachers, discusses the questions above to help with class preparation and in conducting class discussion. These hints are available on the International Bible Lessons Commentary website.

The Word Search Puzzle, the True and False Test, and the Crossword Puzzle below are provided from the International Bible Lessons Commentary website to help teachers provide a simple review game or quiz for their students. May you find them helpful.

Word Search Puzzle

1 John 4:13-5:5
An Educational Take Home Review and Handout using Key Bible Lesson Words.

True and False Test

1 John 4:13-5:5
An Easy Review Test to Help Students Remember the Bible Lesson

Crossword Puzzle

1 John 4:13-5:5
An Easy Review or Handout to End Your Class

International Bible Lesson

When Is Obeying God Easy?

“For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous” (1 John 5:3—KJV).

“For the love of God is this, that we obey his commandments. And his commandments are not burdensome” (1 John 5:3—NRSV).

John wrote his letter to Christian churches, a letter that he probably wanted circulated among the churches that he oversaw as elder. Some of these churches would have been named in his Book of Revelation. He wrote to those who were “born of God,” who believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and his letter was included in the Bible to help all Christians until Christ comes again as the Book of Revelation foretells. The Spirit of Christ indwells and transforms all Christians, bringing them from spiritual darkness and death into spiritual light and life. Through their faith in Jesus Christ, the Spirit of Christ fills believers with the love of God and enlarges their hearts to receive more of God’s love. As their expanding hearts are filled to overflowing with the love God, Christians love God and other Christians more and more. John wrote that just as Christians love their heavenly Father, so they also love His children. When Christians love God and one another, they are obeying God’s commandments: God’s commandments are to love God and others. God’s commandments are not grievous or burdensome because the Spirit of Christ and the love of God within Christians enables and guides them to love God and others in practical ways every day. God’s commandments are not burdensome, because God loves us and His commandments describe the best way for people to live in order to get the most out of the life that God has given them. Loving and obeying God through faith in Jesus Christ enables Christians to live victoriously when persecuted or tempted by the world. – L.G. Parkhurst, Jr.


Begin or close your class by reading the short weekly International Bible Lesson. To print the International Bible Lesson in three different sizes (including large print size and bulletin size) and for the Teacher’s Study Hints for Five Discussion Questions andThinking Further, go to the International Bible Lessons Commentary website.

See the recommended Bible study, Recovery, and Worship Resources at SmallChurchResources.com.

— © All Contents of this website are copyright 2010-2015 by L.G. Parkhurst, Jr. Permission Granted for Not for Profit Use.

Listen to the International Bible Lesson Commentary using the podcast below.

Posted in Bible | Comments Off

1 John 3:11–24 International Bible Lessons Commentary and Lesson

The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, April 12, 2015, is from 1 John 3:11–24. This posting and podcast includes both the International Bible Lesson Commentary and the International Bible Lesson. The International Bible Lesson Commentary is now available in five different Bible translations on the International Bible Lessons Commentary website: these versions are the English Standard Version (ESV), King James Version (KJV), New American Standard Bible (NASB), New International Version (NIV), and the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. The Study Hints for Discussion and Thinking Further discusses each of the Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further to help with class preparation and in conducting class discussion: these hints are available on the  International Bible Lessons Commentary website along with the International Bible Lesson that you may want to read to your class as part of your Bible study using the easy printable lesson. To help your class review the lesson, links to an easy printable Word Search Puzzle, a Crossword Puzzle, and a True and False Test are also available below. To listen to this commentary a podcast is available by subscribing and by clicking on the audio links here on the International Bible Lesson Forum.

International Bible Lesson Commentary

1 John 3:11–24

(1 John 3:11)  For this is the message you have heard from the beginning, that we should love one another.

The Old and New Testaments include commands to love God and others (see Leviticus 19:18; Leviticus 19:34; Deuteronomy 6:5; Deuteronomy 7:9; Deuteronomy 10:19, and Matthew 5:43-44, Mark 12:30-31, and Luke 6:27). Jesus used the parable of the Good Samaritan to illustrate love for one’s neighbors (see Luke 10:25-37). He commanded us to love our enemies and others as we love ourselves. Love includes doing what we wisely can to promote the well-being of others. Obeying the Great Commission is an example of this type of love for others (see Matthew 28:18-20). [Note to teachers: You may want to assign the above Scripture readings to members of your class to read aloud.]

(1 John 3:12)  We must not be like Cain who was from the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own deeds were evil and his brother’s righteous.

Christians are members of the family of God. Christians have been adopted into God’s family through repentance and faith in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior: “He destined us for adoption as his children through Jesus Christ, according to the good pleasure of his will” (Ephesians 1:5). The Son of God becomes the Elder brother of all who believe in and trust in Him, and they become brothers and sisters in Christ who should love everyone in the family of God: “For the one who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one Father. For this reason Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers and sisters” (Hebrews 2:11). True believers in Jesus Christ will not live like or practice sin as do those who are from the evil one, the devil. Jesus said the devil was the father of some people: “You are from your father the devil, and you choose to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks according to his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies” (John 8:44). Though Cain was physically Adam’s son, spiritually Cain was a son of the devil. The details of Cain’s murder of his brother Abel can be found in Genesis 4:1-15. John explained that “Cain’s own deeds;” that is, “Cain’s ways of living” were evil; therefore, he murdered Abel, whose ways of living were righteous. John warned those in the church not to adopt evil ways of living like Cain did.

(1 John 3:13)  Do not be astonished, brothers and sisters, that the world hates you.

Though Jesus won the victory over the devil by His sinless life, death, and resurrection, the devil still has power in the world and Christians must resist the devil and his temptations: “Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you” (James 4:7). “The world” does not mean “God’s creation,” but the spiritual resistance movement inspired by the devil against God and God’s family. “The world” murdered Jesus, so God’s family should not be surprised when those of “the world” hate them and want to kill them too. “The world” hates the righteous way of living demonstrated by true Christians, just as Cain hated the righteous way of living demonstrated by Abel.

(1 John 3:14)  We know that we have passed from death to life because we love one another. Whoever does not love abides in death.

We might ask, “Who loves those in God’s family?” Those who have passed from death to life; those who have entered God’s family through repentance and faith in Jesus Christ – they will love those in God’s family. They will seek to promote the true happiness and well-being of others in the family. If someone has not passed from spiritual death to spiritual life, they cannot and they will not love others, but they will remain in a state of opposition to God, to God’s ways, and to God’s people.

(1 John 3:15)  All who hate a brother or sister are murderers, and you know that murderers do not have eternal life abiding in them.

To hate anyone, especially anyone in God’s family, is disobedient and unwise. Love for others does not mean accepting their unrighteous behavior as right, approving of their sins as though a life of sin is unimportant, or disregarding lifestyles that contradict the commands of God and the teachings of the Bible, for doing these things is both unloving and unwise. If we love someone who is practicing sin and disobeying God, we will grieve for them, and we will do what we wisely can to help them as we see them continuing to turn from God to “the world” and to a different father, the devil. Sometimes we can only do the best thing possible and that is pray for them. To kill someone spiritually by leading them away from the will of God as revealed in the Bible is spiritual murder and an expression of hatred for God and those in God’s family. Jesus said, “For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. You have heard that it was said to those of ancient times, ‘You shall not murder’; and ‘whoever murders shall be liable to judgment.’ But I say to you that if you are angry with a brother or sister, you will be liable to judgment; and if you insult a brother or sister, you will be liable to the council; and if you say, ‘You fool,’ you will be liable to the hell of fire.” (Matthew 5:20-22). “Eternal life” and Jesus who is “The Life” does not abide, live in, or remain in those who commit spiritual murder or physical murder. To abide in Christ, those who have committed spiritual or physical murder must repent of their sins and place their faith in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior.

(1 John 3:16)  We know love by this, that he laid down his life for us—and we ought to lay down our lives for one another.

Because Jesus loved those He came to save from sin and death, Jesus taught the truth in spite of opposition from “the world,” which included the devil and most of the religious and political leaders who met Jesus or heard about Jesus. In spite of all opposition, Jesus preached repentance and faith in himself as the Messiah and the Lord over all. He chose to lay down His life as an atoning sacrifice for our sins. We cannot atone for the sins of others, but we can follow the example of Jesus and love others and give our lives to helping others and especially to helping others find Jesus and His way.

(1 John 3:17)  How does God’s love abide in anyone who has the world’s goods and sees a brother or sister in need and yet refuses help?

John wrote his letter to the Church. Remembering Jesus’ parable of the Good Samaritan and remembering the Bible’s teachings about working and not being lazy, members of God’s family will want to help others in God’s family when they have the means to do what can be wisely done to help them (see 2 Thessalonians 3:10). Refusing to help someone in need in God’s family, when a person has the means, the opportunity, and the understanding of how best to help someone, may be a sign of lack of love and a sin.

(1 John 3:18)  Little children, let us love, not in word or speech, but in truth and action.

God does not want Christians to simply say to some needy person, “God bless you,” when they have the means, the opportunity, and the wisdom to be the means of God blessing someone through them. Sometimes someone who is needy also needs to learn the truth about repentance and turning their life around to obey God by His grace through faith in Christ as Savior and Lord. Sometimes a person is needy in many ways because they are living contrary to the will of God as expressed in the Bible and the life of Jesus. Sometimes people need material assistance from “the world’s goods” that God has graciously placed in our possession so we can wisely and generously help others. We must always remember that many needs are not always the result of a person’s disobedience; the Book of Job provides a good example of a righteous man suffering. When Christians help others in need, God can be glorified (see John 9).

(1 John 3:19)  And by this we will know that we are from the truth and will reassure our hearts before him

John gives the members of God’s family some ways of knowing whether or not they are truly in God’s family as God’s obedient children. By self-examination we can reassure our hearts that God is truly our Father and not the devil. If we love other members of God’s family and do not try to physically or spiritually murder anyone as the world tries to do, and if we seek to help others in God’s family in the best ways that we can, we are from the truth, and Jesus who is “The Truth” is the example we follow and trust. By living according to the example and teaching of Jesus, we can reassure our hearts before we come into the presence of God in prayer and before we meet God face to face.

(1 John 3:20)  whenever our hearts condemn us; for God is greater than our hearts, and he knows everything.

Our hearts may unjustifiably condemn us and make us feel guilty when we have not done anything wrong or unwise; so, at times we especially need reassurance that we are from the truth and true children of God. God is greater than our hearts and He knows everything about us; God knows when we have acted righteously, whether we “feel” like we have acted right or not. God, through the Spirit and the Scriptures, can reassure us that we are members of His family. Our heart or our conscience or our sanctified reason (our mind committed to obeying and serving God our Father and Jesus Christ His Son) can also reveal to us whether or not we are doing what God wants as revealed in the Bible and in the opportunities we have to love and help others in the Church. God knows all about us, others, and every situation. His Spirit can reveal to us whether we are living within His will or not, for He is our Father and we are His children.

(1 John 3:21)  Beloved, if our hearts do not condemn us, we have boldness before God;

If our conscience, our reason, our heart, the Holy Spirit and the Scriptures do not show us that we are in the wrong or outside of the Father’s will, then we can come into the presence of God (the Father and the Son) with boldness, and we can pray as the Holy Spirit leads and teaches us how to pray and for who and what we should pray.

(1 John 3:22)  and we receive from him whatever we ask, because we obey his commandments and do what pleases him.

God will not give us whatever we ask just because we say we believe in Jesus or are members of a church. If we obey God’s commandments and do what pleases God as revealed in the Bible, then we can pray with boldness and whatever we ask will be Holy Spirit led and consistent with the revealed will of God and the will of God in our situation. For these reasons, God will give us whatever we ask, and we will ask for God’s will to be done and done through us when possible to help and serve others.

(1 John 3:23)  And this is his commandment, that we should believe in the name of his Son Jesus Christ and love one another, just as he has commanded us.

God commands us to believe in His Son Jesus Christ and in the power of Christ’s name as our Lord and Savior. God commands us to pray in the name of Jesus Christ with the commitment to live according to the will of Jesus Christ. When we do, we pray according to the will of God and we love one another in truth and action with the power of the Holy Spirit who indwells us. We disobey God when we think we only need to believe in Jesus and not love others. We also disobey God when we think we only need to love others and do not need to believe in Jesus as the Bible has revealed Jesus.

(1 John 3:24)  All who obey his commandments abide in him, and he abides in them. And by this we know that he abides in us, by the Spirit that he has given us.

If we abide in Jesus Christ, we will obey His commandments; all of this will happen by the grace of God working in us as believers. Living in a state of persistent disobedience to God in Christ and the Scriptures indicates that we are not abiding in Christ or remaining within the will of Christ: Christ is not living in us, which is spiritual death and dying. If we are living contrary to the revealed will of God in the Scriptures without our heart condemning us or our reason telling us that we are living in the wrong way, then neither the Holy Spirit nor Jesus Christ are abiding in and with us; we are deceived and have a hardened heart. Jesus said that if we love Him we will obey His commandments: “If you love me, you will keep my commandments . . . They who have my commandments and keep them are those who love me; and those who love me will be loved by my Father, and I will love them and reveal myself to them” (John 14:15, 21). The Holy Spirit within those who believe in Christ will help them love and obey Jesus according to the Scriptures, and Jesus will abide in them. The Holy Spirit will use the Scriptures to give believers the assurance that Christ abides in them.

Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further

1. Where (or from whom) was Cain from and why did he murder his brother?
2. What should not surprise true Christians? Give a reason for your answer.
3. What aspect of our lives shows that we have passed from death to life?
4. What are some examples of Christian living that John gives believers?
5. Why can true Christians pray with boldness and receive from God whatever they ask?

Study Hints for Discussion and Thinking Further, a study guide for teachers, discusses the questions above to help with class preparation and in conducting class discussion. These hints are available on the International Bible Lessons Commentary website.

The Word Search Puzzle, the True and False Test, and the Crossword Puzzle below are provided from the International Bible Lessons Commentary website to help teachers provide a simple review game or quiz for their students. May you find them helpful.

Word Search Puzzle

1 John 3:11–24
An Educational Take Home Review and Handout using Key Bible Lesson Words.

True and False Test

1 John 3:11–24
An Easy Review Test to Help Students Remember the Bible Lesson

Crossword Puzzle

1 John 3:11–24
An Easy Review or Handout to End Your Class

International Bible Lesson

What Is True Christian Love for Others?

“My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth” (1 John 3:18—KJV).

“Little children, let us love, not in word or speech, but in truth and action” (1 John 3:18—NRSV).

When Jesus preached His Sermon on the Mount, He warned, “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven” (Matthew 7:21). Simply declaring the truth that Jesus is Lord without obeying Jesus as Lord is an example of living by words alone without corresponding deeds. Jesus taught the crucial importance of right actions based on a foundation of truth: “Everyone then who hears these words of mine and acts on them will be like a wise man who built his house on rock” (Matthew 7:24). John also warned against a religion of mere words without appropriate works, a life of speech instead of truth and action. John remembered that Jesus called people to follow Him as the way, and the truth, and the life; and Jesus promised He would send His followers the Spirit of truth (John 14:6; 15:26). True belief in Jesus as Lord will always lead His true followers to speaking the truth in love and to loving actions. The Apostle James gave some examples of truth leading to right actions when he wrote, “Religion that is pure and undefiled before God, the Father, is this: to care for orphans and widows in their distress, and to keep oneself unstained by the world;” and then James asked the question, “If a brother or sister is naked and lacks daily food, and one of you says to them, ‘Go in peace; keep warm and eat your fill,’ and yet you do not supply their bodily needs, what is the good of that?” (James 1:27; 2:15-16). – L.G. Parkhurst, Jr.


Begin or close your class by reading the short weekly International Bible Lesson. To print the International Bible Lesson in three different sizes (including large print size and bulletin size) and for the Teacher’s Study Hints for Five Discussion Questions andThinking Further, go to the International Bible Lessons Commentary website.

See the recommended Bible study, Recovery, and Worship Resources at SmallChurchResources.com.

— © All Contents of this website are copyright 2010-2015 by L.G. Parkhurst, Jr. Permission Granted for Not for Profit Use.

Listen to the International Bible Lesson Commentary using the podcast below.

Posted in Bible | Comments Off

1 Corinthians 15:1-11, 20-22 International Bible Lessons Commentary and Lesson

The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, April 5, 2015, is from 1 Corinthians 15:1-11, 20-22. This posting and podcast includes both the International Bible Lesson Commentary and the International Bible Lesson. The International Bible Lesson Commentary is now available in five different Bible translations on the International Bible Lessons Commentary website: these versions are the English Standard Version (ESV), King James Version (KJV), New American Standard Bible (NASB), New International Version (NIV), and the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. The Study Hints for Discussion and Thinking Further discusses each of the Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further to help with class preparation and in conducting class discussion: these hints are available on the  International Bible Lessons Commentary website along with the International Bible Lesson that you may want to read to your class as part of your Bible study using the easy printable lesson. To help your class review the lesson, links to an easy printable Word Search Puzzle, a Crossword Puzzle, and a True and False Test are also available below. To listen to this commentary a podcast is available by subscribing and by clicking on the audio links here on the International Bible Lesson Forum.

International Bible Lesson Commentary

1 Corinthians 15:1-11, 20-22

(1 Corinthians 15:1)  Now I would remind you, brothers and sisters, of the good news that I proclaimed to you, which you in turn received, in which also you stand,

One reason we continue to study the Bible is to remind ourselves of what God has taught and how best to apply His Word in our daily decisions. Paul wrote a summary of the good news in regard to Jesus Christ and what Christ did for us. Paul proclaimed and recorded an early statement of facts that he had learned regarding Christ’s resurrection appearances to those other than himself. The Christians in Corinth had previously received these facts, and they stood in faith as individuals and as a church upon these facts. We may stand on a ladder to do something important, and the ladder makes it possible for us to achieve our task. Christians stand on the fact of Jesus’ resurrection from the dead and their stand gives them eternal life and the ability to live full and meaningful lives for God on earth in service to Christ.

(1 Corinthians 15:2) through which also you are being saved, if you hold firmly to the message that I proclaimed to you—unless you have come to believe in vain.

The facts about Jesus’ resurrection from the dead were not recorded to create an interesting history book, though Christ’s resurrection truly happened in history. The facts about Jesus’ resurrection from the dead are proclaimed to save people’s lives. The facts are a message of good news to keep in our minds and hold in our hearts to save us from sinning, from the power of the devil, from being deceived by the world and our desires, and from the eternal punishment that we deserve for our sins. When we receive the facts of Jesus’ resurrection as good news for the way we live, Christ will bring all of these blessings to us, unless what we say we believe is actually meaningless to us and has no impact upon how we make daily decisions or build our lives.

(1 Corinthians 15:3)  For I handed on to you as of first importance what I in turn had received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures,

Paul did not create the gospel or good news. Paul reported facts that he experienced; in addition, Paul reported facts that he had heard from eyewitnesses who also met the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ. Of first or of most importance for us personally is what Christ did for us (as well as for the world): Christ died for our sins. Christ came to save us from our sins, and Paul reported that Christ achieved His goal when He died for our sins. Christ did not die accidentally. Christ was not surprised by people’s rejection of Him or by His arrest and crucifixion. His death and resurrection were planned by His Father and by Him before Christ was born. Through the prophets and other writers of the Old Testament, They revealed their plan to the world before Christ came into the world; therefore, Christ’s death was “in accordance with the Scriptures.”

(1 Corinthians 15:4)  and that he was buried, and that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures,

Verse 4 continues to teach what Paul wrote as “of first importance.” Christ fulfilled what God had inspired the prophets and other writers of the Old Testament to record hundreds of years before Jesus Christ came to earth. More than anything else, Jesus Christ came into the world in order to die, to be buried, and to be raised from the dead for us because of our sins. Even if we begin to obey the teachings of Christ the moment we learn of them, Christ needed to die an atoning and sacrificial death for us because we have committed sins in the past and we will sin in the future if we are overcome by temptations. These facts of Christ’s coming are in accordance with the prior revelation of God in the Bible. His accomplishments according to the Scriptures are good reasons to believe the Bible is the true word of the true God.

(1 Corinthians 15:5)  and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.

The list of the appearances of Christ that Paul received and passed on to others might not have included everyone or Paul might have shortened the list when he wrote his letter. Paul did not include how or when Jesus appeared to those on the list, which would have greatly lengthened his letter. Greater details about Christ’s resurrection and the names of more people who saw the risen Lord are described in the four Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles of the New Testament. Jesus changed Cephas’ name to Peter, so he was known by both names. Cephas may have been mentioned first, because Peter was the first to openly acknowledge that Jesus was the Messiah and Son of the living God, then Jesus foretold that He would build His church upon Peter’s confession of faith (Matthew 16:13-20). “The twelve” was a shorthand way of saying “Jesus’ disciples;” for of the original twelve, Judas had hanged himself, and he was replaced by Matthias, who had also witnessed the resurrection of Christ (Acts 1:12-26).

(1 Corinthians 15:6)  Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers and sisters at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have died.

Paul’s list was probably a brief summary that was not intended to be strictly chronological. It may have been an abbreviated list of some of Jesus’ most important appearances. We do not learn from the New Testament when Jesus appeared to more than 500 Christians at one time—perhaps this occurred the day of His ascension into heaven (because the list is not chronological, but in order of importance to Paul and some in the early church). The point is to show that Jesus did not appear to just a few people or to only a few people at a time; rather, a multitude of people saw Jesus and most were still alive to recount the event in greater detail if asked. The Bible does not tell us everything that we would like to know or answer all of our questions.

(1 Corinthians 15:7)  Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles.

James, the brother of Jesus, became a believer in and follower of Jesus as the Messiah and Son of God after Jesus rose from the dead. As Jesus’ brother, James verified that the resurrected Lord Jesus was indeed Jesus and not an imposter or a hoax perpetrated of the disciples. James became a leader in the church. James decided and declared that the gospel should be preached to the Gentiles, and the Gentiles should not be required to obey the ceremonial laws of the Jews in order to be saved or become a part of the church (Acts 15:12-21). Jesus also appeared to and gave instructions to all of the apostles; which would have included more than the original twelve disciples.

(1 Corinthians 15:8)  Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.

Last of all meant last of all on the list of appearances that Paul included in his letter; not that Jesus never appeared to anyone else after he appeared to Paul on the road to Damascus. Paul listed himself last because of his humility and sense of unworthiness as inspired by the Holy Spirit. He was untimely born because he had not been a disciple of Jesus from the beginning of Jesus’ ministry, even as James, the brother of Jesus, had not been a disciple of Jesus until after God raised Jesus from the dead and convinced him that Jesus was the Messiah. Paul did emphasize that Jesus had actually appeared to him, and he was not an apostle because a person or group had appointed him an apostle. Paul was an apostle only because Jesus Christ had appeared to him and commissioned him to serve Him as an apostle (Galatians 1:1).

(1 Corinthians 15:9)  For I am the least of the apostles, unfit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

Paul knew that he did not deserve nor had he earned the right to be an apostle. He reported his conversion and call in the greater detail when he defended his apostleship in his Letter to the Galatians (Galatians 1:11-24). Luke wrote that Paul had ravaged the church and Paul witnessed and approved of the murder of Stephen, the first Christian martyr. Jesus appeared to Paul before his conversion and asked Paul why he was persecuting Him (Acts 9:1-22).

(1 Corinthians 15:10)  But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace toward me has not been in vain. On the contrary, I worked harder than any of them—though it was not I, but the grace of God that is with me.

Paul became an apostle only by the grace and call of God. The early church approved of Paul’s apostleship after Barnabas spoke with the inspiration of the Holy Spirit in Paul’s defense (Acts 9:26-31). The first Apostles were those who had seen the Lord Jesus throughout His ministry and witnessed His resurrection; later, the church appointed apostles after careful examination, but they had to be witnesses of Jesus’ resurrection who could be confirmed by Jesus’ first disciples, who were eyewitnesses of His ministry. Paul wrote that it was not a futile or meaningless effort on Jesus’ part to extend His grace to Paul and make Paul an apostle. Rather, in appreciation and love for Christ, Paul worked hard and it was the grace of God in him that empowered and motivated him to work harder than others. Paul humbly said the grace of God had worked through him.

(1 Corinthians 15:11)  Whether then it was I or they, so we proclaim and so you have come to believe.

All of the apostles proclaimed the same message and their message was consistent with the Scriptures. Christ died in accordance with the Scriptures and He was buried and raised from the dead on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures. Many witnesses confirmed this fact and proved the fulfillment of and reliability of the Scriptures. Paul proclaimed these facts; the Christians in Corinth believed these facts and stood on these facts. They were being saved by Christ according to these facts and by believing in Christ according to the Scriptures; therefore, they should hold firm to these facts rather than believe in vain or without the application of these facts in their daily lives and decisions.

(1 Corinthians 15:20)  But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have died.

No doubt some people did not believe the bodily resurrection of the dead was possible or desirable. Many Greeks theorized that the physical human body was evil because it was material, and it would be best if death meant a person escaped their physical body that enslaved their spirit. Paul insisted on the fact that Christ had been raised from the dead, and Christ was the first of many who would be raised from the dead. Previously, people such as Lazarus had been resuscitated and would die again. Those resurrected from the dead would never die again.

(1 Corinthians 15:21)  For since death came through a human being, the resurrection of the dead has also come through a human being;

When Adam, a human being, committed sin, death came into the world for everyone as punishment and to prevent sinners from becoming increasingly evil on earth forever. Jesus rose from the dead, a human being, to save believers in Him from their sins and to enable them to live in increasing holiness forever in a raised and glorified human body similar to His.

(1 Corinthians 15:22)  for as all die in Adam, so all will be made alive in Christ.

Jesus said that when He returned He would separate the sheep (His faithful followers) from the goats (those determined to live unrepentant rebellious lives against God). See Matthew 25:31-46. Until Jesus Christ returns, everyone will die a physical death. A holy and joyful eternal life is possible for all who trust in Christ, but eternal punishment is reserved for those who reject Christ and His followers (Matthew 25:31-46; see also Revelation 20:11-15). Because Christ rose from the dead, everyone will rise from the dead; however, two different groups of resurrected people will be separated from one another for eternity. Jesus’ resurrection answered in human history whether or not people will live after they die: the question that remains is where an individual person will live after their resurrection. If we truly believe the good news of the gospel and stand on the good news as Paul described in the Bible, we can live with God and God’s people forever (for believers are “being saved”—1 Corinthians 15:2).

Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further

1. Describe two reasons that Paul gives for believing in the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

2. What does Christ’s death mean and mean to you?

3. What does Christ’s resurrection mean and mean to you?

4. After the good news is proclaimed, what does a true believer do? What is the result?

5. Besides himself, who does Paul list by name of those who saw the risen Lord? Why do you think he names them by name?

Study Hints for Discussion and Thinking Further, a study guide for teachers, discusses the questions above to help with class preparation and in conducting class discussion. These hints are available on the International Bible Lessons Commentary website.

The Word Search Puzzle, the True and False Test, and the Crossword Puzzle below are provided from the International Bible Lessons Commentary website to help teachers provide a simple review game or quiz for their students. May you find them helpful.

Word Search Puzzle

1 Corinthians 15:1-11, 20-22
An Educational Take Home Review and Handout using Key Bible Lesson Words.

True and False Test

1 Corinthians 15:1-11, 20-22
An Easy Review Test to Help Students Remember the Bible Lesson

Crossword Puzzle

1 Corinthians 15:1-11, 20-22
An Easy Review or Handout to End Your Class

International Bible Lesson

Who Will Rise From the Dead?

“But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept” (1 Corinthians 15:20—KJV).

“But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have died” (1 Corinthians 15:20—NRSV).

Paul reminded the Corinthians of the facts that saved them if they held firmly to the good news that Christ had died for their sins, was buried, and had risen from the dead on the third day according to the Scriptures. Paul gave two reasons to believe that Christ had risen. First, Christ’s death and resurrection had occurred exactly as the Hebrew Scriptures had foretold hundreds of years before Jesus was born as the Messiah. Second, many people had seen the risen Christ; including all the apostles, Peter, James, more than five hundred at one time, and Paul himself. Paul had even quit persecuting the church to obey his risen Lord and become His apostle. Paul also listed two important results of Christ’s death and resurrection. First, our loving and merciful God could now justly forgive sinners who believed in Christ, because Christ had died for our sins. Second, Christ’s resurrection proved that everyone would live again after they died; physical death is not the end of existence. Paul had preached this fact to the Athenians when he declared that because Christ had risen from the dead we have assurance that God will judge the world in righteousness (Acts 17:29-31). Through Christ’s resurrection God has shown that, in spite of all appearances in this world, justice will be served after death, because “all will be made alive in Christ” (1 Corinthians 15:22). There will be a future Day of Judgment and separation; however, “God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life” (John 3:16). – L.G. Parkhurst, Jr.


Begin or close your class by reading the short weekly International Bible Lesson. To print the International Bible Lesson in three different sizes (including large print size and bulletin size) and for the Teacher’s Study Hints for Five Discussion Questions andThinking Further, go to the International Bible Lessons Commentary website.

See the recommended Bible study, Recovery, and Worship Resources at SmallChurchResources.com.

— © All Contents of this website are copyright 2010-2015 by L.G. Parkhurst, Jr. Permission Granted for Not for Profit Use.

Listen to the International Bible Lesson Commentary using the podcast below.

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Mark 11:1-11 International Bible Lessons Commentary and Lesson

The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, March 29, 2015, is from Mark 11:1-11. This posting and podcast includes both the International Bible Lesson Commentary and the International Bible Lesson. The International Bible Lesson Commentary is now available in five different Bible translations on the International Bible Lessons Commentary website: these versions are the English Standard Version (ESV), King James Version (KJV), New American Standard Bible (NASB), New International Version (NIV), and the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. The Study Hints for Discussion and Thinking Further discusses each of the Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further to help with class preparation and in conducting class discussion: these hints are available on the  International Bible Lessons Commentary website along with the International Bible Lesson that you may want to read to your class as part of your Bible study using the easy printable lesson. To help your class review the lesson, links to an easy printable Word Search Puzzle, a Crossword Puzzle, and a True and False Test are also available below. To listen to this commentary a podcast is available by subscribing and by clicking on the audio links here on the International Bible Lesson Forum.

International Bible Lesson Commentary

Mark 11:1-11

(Mark 11:1) When they were approaching Jerusalem, at Bethphage and Bethany, near the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples

According to Old Testament Law, for testimony to be accepted in a trial, there must be two or more witnesses. The Bible contains sufficient witnesses for us to believe what the Bible says, especially about God’s acts and words in history. Even in our courts today we usually accept the testimony of two or more witnesses, not just one. Remember, however, that many in Old Testament times, and even in Jesus’ day, rightly believed that they would be held accountable by God if they lied or gave a false witness. Perhaps for these reasons, Jesus sent two disciples to borrow the colt He needed for Palm Sunday.

(Mark 11:2) and said to them, “Go into the village ahead of you, and immediately as you enter it, you will find tied there a colt that has never been ridden; untie it and bring it.

In the form of a prophecy, Jesus told His disciples exactly what to expect after they entered the village, and He also told them what they were to do after His prophecy came true. Before Jesus was born, God told people through prophets what to expect when He was born. Jesus has told us what to expect when He comes again. Fulfilled prophecy gives good evidence of God’s nature and power as described in the Bible. Perhaps the person who owned the colt had a heavenly dream or vision or visit by an angel that told him what would happen the next day and what he was to do. If he had, he might have told others what he was doing and why he tied the never before ridden colt where he did. He provided the colt in order to fulfill an Old Testament prophecy. The events that day would convince him and Jesus’ disciples that God was involved in the events.

(Mark 11:3) If anyone says to you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ just say this, ‘The Lord needs it and will send it back here immediately.’”

Jesus told these two disciples what they would see, where they would see it, and what to say when they were questioned. Perhaps the owner and bystanders knew from their dream or vision that the Lord Jesus would be the One to ride his colt. We see here that Jesus sometimes needs us to do things by choices (His choice and ours in how we want to respond to Him), because He had the power to acquire a colt in many ways without resorting to borrowing one through His disciples efforts. Though He could have done this by Himself, Jesus chose a way that could build up people’s faith in God the Father and in Himself.

(Mark 11:4) They went away and found a colt tied near a door, outside in the street. As they were untying it,

The colt was tied where the owner or keeper of the colt could observe what was happening or might happen to the colt. Mark recorded specifically what happened. A colt that had never before been ridden might not be easy to ride for the first time – but as the Creator of everything, Jesus had no problem doing so.

(Mark 11:5) some of the bystanders said to them, “What are you doing, untying the colt?

The disciples are not identified by name, and the bystanders are not identified by name or title. Their question and the response they received from the disciples indicated, perhaps, what they expected to hear for some reason. Perhaps they were also concerned about how a colt that had never been ridden could be handled by strangers coming to get it to take it away. Perhaps they recognized that these two were Jesus’ disciples. Mark did not write everything we might like to know.

(Mark 11:6) They told them what Jesus had said; and they allowed them to take it.

These two disciples obeyed Jesus explicitly. Perhaps He selected them for their demonstrated faithful obedience in the past. The response of the disciples to the bystanders’ question satisfied the bystanders, though perhaps neither they nor the disciples understood why the Lord needed the colt in order to fulfill Old Testament prophecy. The disciples would learn this later, and perhaps also the bystanders.

(Mark 11:7) Then they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their cloaks on it; and he sat on it.

After the colt was taken to Jesus, the two disciples threw their cloaks (outer garments) on the colt for Jesus to sit on (similar to a saddle blanket, but without the saddle). The colt never having been ridden and having been tied probably had no saddle and had never been saddled. Jesus tamed the colt immediately, even as He could calm a storm or cast out demons and bring peace to troubled souls.

(Mark 11:8) Many people spread their cloaks on the road, and others spread leafy branches that they had cut in the fields.

Jesus received what many moderns would call today the “red carpet treatment” or “ticker tape parade” as He entered Jerusalem. Movie stars, brides, and royalty often enjoy the honor of not walking on common ground; but instead, on valuable material that no one else has walked on or no commoner is honored to walk on. This treatment was spontaneously given to Jesus as a King, who came in the name of the Lord, who came to bring peace, for He came riding on a colt and not a warhorse or workhorse.

(Mark 11:9) Then those who went ahead and those who followed were shouting, “Hosanna! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!

Jesus received His welcome as a hero might be honored today. Jesus was honored for Who He represented to the crowds at that time: Jesus was “God sent!” They knew His words and teachings, and though most did not know that He was the Son of God, they knew He was coming in the name of the Lord and not in the name of a conquering Roman emperor to oppress them. Many probably thought He was coming as a leader or Messiah (as they expected Him to come) in order to prepare them to overthrow their Roman oppressors by force.

(Mark 11:10) Blessed is the coming kingdom of our ancestor David! Hosanna in the highest heaven!”

The crowds also knew that Jesus represented in some way the establishment of the Messianic Kingdom and the defeat of their enemies. If Jesus were the Messiah, as they expected or suspected, they had high expectations that He would save them as King David had saved them from their enemies in the past. Their political expectations of Jesus would be shattered in the days ahead when the religious leaders arranged for Jesus to be murdered on a cross. Jesus came for a more important reason than what they expected: He came to save His people from their sins and give them eternal life.

(Mark 11:11) Then he entered Jerusalem and went into the temple; and when he had looked around at everything, as it was already late, he went out to Bethany with the twelve.

Mark did not record everything that Jesus did on Palm Sunday and afterwards. We do not know why Mark omitted some things that Matthew, Luke and John included. Mark did write the essentials of Jesus entering the temple after He entered Jerusalem. We have the record that all twelve disciples were with Him at this time; they all left Jerusalem together, and all of them went to Bethany. Luke wrote that he used many different sources to compile his gospel; whereas, Mark was one of the first gospels, if not the first gospel to be written.

Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further

1. Why do you think God wants us to do some things that He could easily do all by Himself?
2. What are some of the things that God expects us to do?
3. What qualities do you think God considers in a person prior to asking them to do something as important as borrowing a colt for Jesus?
4. What qualities do you think an employer considers before hiring a worker? What different qualities might a church consider in a person before ordaining them as an elder or hiring them as a minister? How do these qualities differ?
5. How can you tell whether or not someone is coming in the name of the Lord?

Study Hints for Discussion and Thinking Further, a study guide for teachers, discusses the questions above to help with class preparation and in conducting class discussion. These hints are available on the International Bible Lessons Commentary website.

The Word Search Puzzle, the True and False Test, and the Crossword Puzzle below are provided from the International Bible Lessons Commentary website to help teachers provide a simple review game or quiz for their students. May you find them helpful.

Word Search Puzzle

Mark 11:1-11
An Educational Take Home Review and Handout using Key Bible Lesson Words.

True and False Test

Mark 11:1-11
An Easy Review Test to Help Students Remember the Bible Lesson

Crossword Puzzle

Mark 11:1-11
An Easy Review or Handout to End Your Class

International Bible Lesson

When the King Brings Peace

“Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest” (Mark 11:10—KJV).

“Blessed is the coming kingdom of our ancestor David! Hosanna in the highest heaven!” (Mark 11:10—NRSV).

When Jesus entered Jerusalem on what has become known as Palm Sunday, He proclaimed that He was the long-expected Messiah, the one who would reign forever as a descendant of King David, Israel’s most famous king. The Jews expected Jesus to defeat the Romans as King David had defeated the Philistines and all of the other enemies that surrounded them. They expected Jesus to bring them the peace and prosperity that they had known under the reign of King David; after all, Jesus had fed more than 5,000 people at one time using a little boy’s scant lunch. However, Jesus came for the first time to accomplish a far more important task for the whole world, which included Jews, Romans, and everyone else for centuries to come. Jesus came to accomplish a divine mission that would result in eternal life for all who would believe in Him. Because God loves the world, Jesus came to suffer in the place of all those who deserve God’s just punishment; so God could be merciful and just at the same time when as King of the universe He forgives sinners and rebels; so God could win the love of repentant sinners, who would love to obey Him forevermore. Jesus entered Jerusalem so He could die a sacrificial death on Good Friday and rise from the dead on Easter Sunday. Jesus accomplished more in a week than anyone expected, and our world is a better place because many people have learned to love one another as God has loved us. When Jesus returns someday, the whole world will live in peace and prosperity of under the dominion of King Jesus. – L.G. Parkhurst, Jr.


Begin or close your class by reading the short weekly International Bible Lesson. To print the International Bible Lesson in three different sizes (including large print size and bulletin size) and for the Teacher’s Study Hints for Five Discussion Questions andThinking Further, go to the International Bible Lessons Commentary website.

See the recommended Bible study, Recovery, and Worship Resources at SmallChurchResources.com.

— © All Contents of this website are copyright 2010-2015 by L.G. Parkhurst, Jr. Permission Granted for Not for Profit Use.

Listen to the International Bible Lesson Commentary using the podcast below.

Posted in Bible | Comments Off